How to Make Your Characters Pop with Line Quality!
Line quality is an essential aspect to creating engaging line art. In this tutorial by manga artist Jose Fernandez, learn simple yet effective tips to improve your lines in your artwork.
Line quality is one of the most important aspects of manga and comic storytelling, but often forgotten about. Making your manga read clearly is crucial. It can mean having someone continue reading or quickly walking away. Whoever is reading your manga, they should be able to grasp what’s going on instantly, especially since the majority of the readers will look at the panel for just a few seconds.
So, if we can improve clarity with just line quality, why not! Let me show you how you can improve your lines to help tell an engaging story.
In this tutorial, I will be using the G-pen brush that comes stock with Clip Studio Paint. You can use other brushes, but if possible, use one where you can vary the size with pressure sensitivity. I am also working on a canvas at 600 dpi.
Determine your point of focus and the different layers of your composition, like your foreground, middle ground and background, as each of these aspects will differ in line thickness.
Begin inking your foreground characters and objects. Since the foreground is the closest to the reader, we want the outlines to be bolder and thicker! Subconsciously, the reader will think the thicker outlines are closer, and the thinner lines to be further away.
Try and keep the lines inside the outline thinner as well. The outline of the character is sometimes called holding lines, because they literally hold the characters and objects details together, giving it more solidity and making it easier to read.
Once you’re done inking the foreground, you can start inking the middle ground. What we have to keep in mind now, is to make the lines of the middle ground thinner than the foregrounds. This gives the illusion of depth and atmospheric perspective. It also separates the foreground and middle ground. The reader will be able to distinguish that the closest character is in a different plane than the group of guys behind him.
When you’re done with the middle ground, you can start inking the background, and the same rule applies. Thinner lines the further people and objects are. But! You can also make exceptions… for example, in this illustration I want to bring attention to the young woman in the background shouting. So, I will make her outline just a bit thicker than the other people and objects around her. Not too thick though, as we still want to keep her in the background.
One thing you want to keep in mind, in order to keep your characters and work more believable, is to remember your light source direction.
I have the light source located in the upper left of the scene, so I make sure to make the outline thicker on that the areas that wouldn’t get hit with light as much. This gives the illusion of shadow and helps give objects more volume. Take for example the tentacles of this cute octopus. I have thicker lines on the underside of the tentacles, and lighter lines on the top.
After you’re mostly done inking, you can start filling in the blacks.
Look over your illustration and adjust your line weights accordingly. A lot of times I find myself jumping around a piece and may not remember to thicken some of the lines. For example, the main character of this shot, in the foreground, I thickened up the lines to make him pop a bit more, and really separate him.
Now it’s time to clean up, look over everything and clean lines that shouldn’t be intersecting or are just not supposed to be there.
That’s all for that illustration, but here are some quick tips before we wrap this up.
Every artist has their own style, that goes for inking style as well. Here are some examples of inking styles.
You can depict a bright light hitting an object or person by breaking up the outline.
Keep your strokes quick and confident, this is how to can achieve a smoother and cleaner line. A lot of us will have a slight shake or wobble to our hand when drawing a line slowly, and we want to avoid those wobbly lines!
Don’t be afraid to go over lines again to get the look you want, not all lines need to be done in one stroke.
Thicken up lines in small crevices of folds, cracks, or even areas like under the chin, to create more depth and make the art more 3D! These thick lines or areas filled in will usually be in areas getting little to no light.
Make areas of your drawing stick out more by adding sharp edges to your lines or by making the line gradually go from thick to thin in the direction of the light source. This can give the illusion of something bulging out.
Thank you for taking the time to read this tutorial, I hope this helps you ink your manga or comic more effectively. You can now see, how just the outline can help tell your story more clearly, and how you can use certain tricks to direct the readers eyes.